Quote of the day: 7 January

The Doctorate of St. Teresa:

The historical development of an idea

(excerpts)

Fr. Valentino Macca, O.C.D.

Ephemerides Carmeliticae
Vol. 21 (1970/1-2) pp. 35-113


 

The Positio, concluded by this favorable judgment of the Promoter General of Faith, was distributed to all the Cardinals and Prelates of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, to whom the matter was submitted:

An, attentis insigni vitae sanctitate et eminenti doctrina eiusque benefico in vita Ecclesiae pondere, procedi posse arbitrarentur ad Sanctam Teresiam a Iesu Ecclesiae Doctorem declarandam.

The matter was then dealt with directly in the meeting that the Sacred Congregation held at the Vatican on 15 July 1969, the eve of the solemn Commemoration of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mount Carmel. After the learned and widespread report of Card. Arcadio M. Larraona, Promoter of the Cause, Cardinals and Official Prelates of the Sacred Congregation unanimously decided that St. Teresa of Avila was worthy of being inscribed by the Supreme Pontiff in the catalog of the Doctors of the Church.

The following 21 July, Paul VI, informed of the favorable judgment of the Sacred Congregation, approved the decision and ordered that St. Teresa of Jesus be numbered among the Doctors of the Church, reserving for himself the determination of the day of proclamation, and giving the order that the corresponding Apostolic Brief should be prepared. 

All of this is reflected in the Decree Urbis et Orbis of 21 July of the Sacred Congregation for the Causes of the Saints.

According to this decree, therefore, St. Teresa of Avila has already been declared a Doctor of the Church. However, the solemn proclamation that the Holy Father, as was later announced, will make during a solemn ceremony in St. Peter’s on 27 September 1970, has not yet taken place.

We have presented the historical development of the idea of the Doctorate of St. Teresa of Avila from its humble and at the same time already powerful origins immediately after the Saint’s death until the happy official goal that now is approaching. It is an idea that immediately emerged with extraordinary clarity, even if not in strictly canonical terms, given the extraordinary value of Our Holy Mother Teresa’s doctrine and the widespread diffusion and influence that her books and her Magisterium soon had, praised by Popes and Bishops, exalted by the liturgy, used by Doctors and mystical writers, which became more and more an unquestionable authority in the field of mystical theology. While many believed that with Teresa of Jesus we were faced with a typical case of the Church declaring a Doctor equipollenter, from 1882 onwards, however, with ever greater insistence the voices were heard of those who implored a formal declaration. In 1923, an appeal was made to the Holy See to achieve this intention; it failed. The time was not ripe.

Providence arranged that in the climate of grace created by Vatican II, Paul VI, so supernaturally open to the signs of the times, should have the inspiration to give for the first time to a female Saint, distinguished for a marvelous doctrine that made her the teacher and mother of spiritual life in the Church, the title of Doctor.

The Pope, chosen by God for this act, had already in 1965 practically called her Doctor; in 1967 he greeted her as “great teacher of Catholic mysticism” and “extraordinary interpreter of the things of God”; while on 10 September 1965, he declared her principal patroness of all Catholic writers in Spain, affirming that she was the “luminary of Spain and of the whole Church” through her books, filled with heavenly wisdom, and even today she remains “praestantissima magistra” [exceptional teacher].

The solemn act of 27 September 1970—crowning all of this—will give the title, full rights, and honors of “Doctor of the Church” to the one who loved to call herself “daughter of the Church”.

Fr. Valentino di Santa Maria, o.c.d.

17 February 1924 – 7 January 1988

 

Teresa Doctor Valladolid portrait red background
Convento de la Concepción del Carmen de Valladolid | Ángel Cantero, Iglesia en Valladolid / Flickr

 

 


Father Valentino Macca, O.C.D. was a native of Brescia, Italy whose decades of service to the Discalced Carmelite Order left an indelible impression. He entered the Order at age 16 in the convent at Brescia, professing his solemn vows in 1945. When he completed his theological studies at the Teresianum in Rome, Cardinal Adeodato Piazza ordained him to the priesthood in 1950. Not long after, Father Valentino began to serve the Order at the General Curia in Rome. First, he served as a member of the communications team, the Centro Informativo; next, he labored as General Archivist, eventually assuming the direction of the Analecta O.D.C. as well.

Father Valentino distinguished himself for many years as the professor of Marian Spirituality and Mariology at the Marianum in Rome; to this day, Mariologists cite his published works. He served as a consultor to various dicasteries of the Holy See; his final curial assignment before his death was as a Relator for the Congregation of the Causes of the Saints. The library of the Teresianum in Rome lists 40 titles in its catalog where Father Macca is either the author, editor, or even the subject. We are pleased to bring an excerpt from his writings on Carmelite history to our readers. For a more complete biography of Father Valentino in Italian, we direct our readers to the Enciclopedia Bresciana article here.

 

Translations from the Italian are the blogger’s own work product and may not be reproduced without permission.

New Discalced Carmelite Calendar

Proper Calendar
Order of the Discalced Brothers of the Blessed Virgin Mary

(unofficial, working translation for our readers)

 

We present an English translation of the newly revised liturgical calendar for the Discalced Carmelite Order that was published online by the General Curia 16 October 2019 pursuant to the Decree of the Congregation of Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments (Prot. N. 345/18) dated 16 July 2019, its effective date. A commentary on the calendar and translation follows below.

January

 

4     St. Kuriakos Elias of the Holy Family Chavara,
Priest —
 
Optional Memorial
In provinces in India: Memorial

8     St. Peter Thomas,
Bishop — Optional Memorial 

9     St. Andrew Corsini,
Bishop — Optional Memorial
In provinces in Italy: Memorial

27     St. Henry de Ossó y Cervelló,
Priest — 
Optional Memorial

 

February

 

4     Bl. Marie Eugene of the Child Jesus Grialou,
Priest — Optional Memorial

24     Bl. Josepha Naval Girbes,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

April

 

17     Bl. Baptist Spagnoli,
Priest — Optional Memorial

18     Bl. Mary of the Incarnation Barbe Acarie,
Religious — Optional Memorial

In provinces of France:  Memorial

23     Bl. Teresa Maria of the Cross Manetti,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

May

 

4     Bl. Angel Maria Prat Hostench, Lucas of St. Joseph Tristany Pujol, Priests, and Companions,
Martyrs — Optional Memorial
In Spain: Memorial

16     St. Simon Stock,
Priest — Optional Memorial
In the Anglo-Irish province: Memorial

22     St. Joachina de Vedruna,
Religious — Optional Memorial

24     St. Bede the Venerable,
Priest and Doctor of the Church — Optional Memorial
St. Gregory VII,
Pope — Optional Memorial

25     St. Mary Magdalene of the Incarnate Word de’ Pazzi,
Virgin — 
Memorial

 

June

 

7     Bl. Anne of St. Bartholomew,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

In the Spanish province: Memorial

12     Bl. Alphonsus Mary of the Holy Spirit Mazurek,
Priest, and Companions, Martyrs — Optional Memorial

In the Polish provinces: Memorial

 

July

 

10     St. Henry,
Optional Memorial

12     Sts. Louis Martin and Marie Azélie Guérin,
Spouses
Optional Memorial

13     St. Teresa of Jesus Fernández Solar,
Virgin — Memorial
In the province of Chile: Feast

16     BLESSED VIRGIN MARY OF MOUNT CARMEL, PATRONESS AND HEAD OF OUR ORDER — Solemnity

17     Bl. Teresa of St. Augustine Lidoine and Companions,
Virgins and Martyrs
Optional Memorial
In the provinces of France: Memorial

18     St. Apollinaris,
Bishop and Martyr — Optional Memorial

19     St. Bridget,
Religious — Optional Memorial

20     OUR FATHER SAINT ELIJAH,
PROPHET — Feast

23     Blessed Virgin Mary,
Mother of Divine Grace — Memorial

24     Bl. Maria Pilar of St. Francis Borgia Martínez García, Bl. Maria Sagrario of St. Aloysius Gonzaga Moragas Cantarero and Companions,
Virgins and Martyrs — Optional Memorial

27     Bl. Titus Brandsma,
Priest and Martyr — Optional Memorial

28     Bl. John Soreth,
Priest — Optional Memorial
In the provinces of France: Memorial

 

August

 

3     St. Sixtus II, Pope, and Companions,
Martyrs — Optional Memorial
St. Cajetan, Priest — Optional Memorial

7     St. Albert of Trapani,
Priest — Memorial

9     St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross,
Virgin and Martyr — Memorial
In provinces of Europe: Patroness of Europe, Feast

18     Bls. Leonard Duverneuil, Michael Aloysius Brulard, and Hubert of St. Claude, Priests, and Companions,
Martyrs — Optional Memorial

25     St. Mary of Jesus Crucified Baouardy,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

26     Transverberation of the Heart of St. Teresa of Jesus Our Mother,
Optional Memorial

 

September

 

1     St. Teresa Margaret of the Sacred Heart of Jesus,
Virgin — Memorial
In the provinces of Italy: Feast

11     Bl. Mary of Jesus López Rivas,
Virgin — Optional Memorial
In the Spanish province: Memorial

17     St. Albert of Jerusalem,
Bishop and Lawgiver of our Order — Feast

18     St. Robert Bellarmine,
Bishop and Doctor of the Church —
Optional Memorial

 

October

 

1     SAINT THERESE OF THE CHILD JESUS, 
VIRGIN AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH — Feast

15     SAINT TERESA OF JESUS OUR MOTHER,
VIRGIN AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCHSolemnity

30     Bl. Maria Teresa of St. Joseph Tauscher,
Virgin —
Optional Memorial

 

November

 

6     St. Nuno of St. Mary,
Religious — Optional Memorial
In the province of Portugal: Memorial

7     Bl. Francis of Jesus Mary Joseph Palau y Quer,
Priest — Optional Memorial

8     St. Elizabeth of the Trinity Catez,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

14     ALL SAINTS OF OUR ORDER,
Feast

15     Commemoration of all the Departed of Our Order, Optional Memorial

19     St. Raphael of St. Joseph Kalinowski,
Priest — Memorial

29     Bls. Denis of the Nativity, Priest, and Redemptus of the Cross, Religious,
Martyrs — Optional Memorial
In provinces of India: Memorial

 

December

 

11     St. Maria Maravillas of Jesus Pidal y Chico de Guzmán,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

14     SAINT JOHN OF THE CROSS OUR FATHER,
PRIEST AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH Solemnity

 


APPENDIX

 

April

In the provinces of Latin America:

28     Bl. Maria Felicia of Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament Guggeri Echeverría,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

May

In the provinces of Italy:

29     Bl. Elia of St. Clement,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

June

In the provinces of France:

14     St. Elisha, Prophet
— Optional Memorial

In the provinces of Italy:

14     Bl. Maria Candida of the Eucharist Barba,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

26     Bl. Maria Giuseppina of Jesus Crucified Catanea,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

July

In the provinces of Europe:

7     Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Divine Grace
— Memorial

In the province of Spain:

24     Bl. Maria Pilar of St. Francis Borgia Martínez García, Teresa of the Child Jesus García García, and Maria Angeles of St. Joseph Voltierra Tordesillas,
Virgins and Martyrs — Optional Memorial

 

August

In the province of the Netherlands:

2      St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, Virgin and Martyr, Patroness of Europe
— Feast

In the province of Spain:

16     Bl. Maria Sagrario of St. Aloysius Gonzaga Moragas Cantarero,
Virgin and Martyr — Optional Memorial

In the provinces of France:

30     St. Mary of Jesus Crucified Baouardy,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 

October

In the province of Nigeria:

1     SAINT THERESE OF THE CHILD JESUS, 
VIRGIN AND DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH — Feast

 

November

In the provinces of France:

7     Bl. Françoise d’Amboise, Religious

In the province of Austria:

16     Commemoration of all the Departed of Our Order,
Optional Memorial

In the provinces of Austria and Germany:

7      St. Raphael of St. Joseph Kalinowski,
Priest — Memorial

 

December

In the provinces of Italy:

7      Bl. Mary of the Angels Fontanella,
Virgin — Optional Memorial

 


Nota Bene: In its Appendix, the Decree provides for several celebrations to be assigned to specific jurisdictions. For example, Latin American provinces may observe the optional memorial of Blessed Chiquitunga on 28 April; the Italian provinces may observe the optional memorial of Blessed Elia of St. Clement on 29 May. In other jurisdictions, dates of Carmelite feasts have been changed to accommodate local calendars where a conflict exists. These changes primarily affect the Spanish, French, German, and Italian-speaking provinces.

In that which concerns English-speaking Discalced Carmelites, perhaps the most significant of these particular date changes concerns the provinces of Europe, where the Memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Divine Grace now will be celebrated on 7 July.

The Discalced Carmelite Procurator General, Father Jean Joseph Bergara, explains that the calendar became valid immediately upon the signature of the Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Cardinal Robert Sarah: “The calendar is already in force. It is in force effective from the date of the signing of the decree, 16 July 2019, but especially from the date of reception of the decree, 24 September 2019. From that date forward, it is the only valid calendar in all communities.”

You may view the Latin text of the Decree, the original Latin text of the newly revised calendar and its appendix, and the introduction from Father Bergara here.

Message for the centenary of the procession of Our Lady of Carmel — DISCALCED CARMELITES

NDMC procession 2018
The annual procession of Our Lady of Mount Carmel from the Discalced Carmelite friars’ Latin Parish of Saint Joseph winds through the streets of the city of Haifa, then slowly climbs up Stella Maris Road to the Discalced Carmelite monastery and Stella Maris Church on the promontory of Mount Carmel. | Photo: Discalced Carmelites (2018)

 

MESSAGE FOR THE CENTENARY OF THE PROCESSION OF OUR LADY OF CARMEL
Haifa, 5 May 2019

Fr. Saverio Cannistrà of the Sacred Heart, O.C.D.
Discalced Carmelite Superior General

This year we celebrate the centenary of the procession of Our Lady of Carmel in Haifa. The first procession was held on April 27, 1919, Sunday in albis, and was organized to solemnly bring back to the sanctuary of Stella Maris the statue of Our Lady of Carmel, that in 1914 at the beginning of the First World War, had been transferred to the parish church in the city. The Vicar Father of Mount Carmel at that time, the Englishman P. Francis Lamb (1867-1950), writes in his memoirs that there was an extraordinary participation of the people and that the English authorities were struck by this manifestation of faith and devotion for the Mother of God in the Latin Catholic community of Haifa. It was linked to the end of the Great War and the desire to thank the Lord and Our Lady for the return of peace. The procession was repeated in the following years until it became the most important in the Holy Land after that of Palm Sunday in Jerusalem.

Here in Haifa, devotion to Mary is like a centuries-old tree with large branches and deep roots […]

Via Message for the centenary of the procession of Our Lady of Carmel — DISCALCED CARMELITES

View the photo album of the 2019 Centenary procession from the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem and read the article in their newsletter

 

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