Since man’s life on earth is a time of trial, and all who would live devotedly in Christ must undergo persecution, and the devil your foe is on the prowl like a roaring lion looking for prey to devour, you must use every care to clothe yourselves in God’s armor so that you may be ready to withstand the enemy’s ambush.
Saint Albert of Jerusalem
A rule of life was given to the early Carmelites by St Albert Avogadro, Patriarch of Jerusalem between the years 1206–1214. It was finally approved by Pope Innocent in 1247 and later underwent mitigations that were not in the original text. The Carmelite Rule states that it is basic for a Carmelite to “live a life of allegiance to Jesus Christ—how, pure in heart and stout in conscience, he must be unswerving in the service of his Master” [no. 2].